中央活動 2019-01-01 台灣國際記者會 呼籲美國：ROC與TCG 簽署「終戰協議」及「和平條約」正式結束二戰
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Taiwan Civil Government (TCG) appeals to the United States that ROC authorities should sign the "War-Ending Agreement" as well as "Peace Treaty" with TCG.
Three Executive Secretaries, Yimu Wu, Jianhui Peng, and Yingzhou Hong, and seven governors and spokespersons co-hosted the press conference. The Secretariat Cabinet Minister Shangfong Lin released a written statement that the US-led coalition defeated the Japanese Empire (including Taiwan and Penghu) during World War II. On September 2, 1945, the Allied Commander General MacArthur appointed Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to represent the Allied forces in accepting the surrender of the Japanese military. On October 25, 1945, ROC began to occupy Taiwan and Penghu ever since.
On September 8, 1951, 48 countries signed the San Francisco Peace Treaty with Japan, including provisions on Taiwan in the following Articles:
Article 2: Japan renounces all right, title and claim to Formosa and the Pescadores. (which means Japan renounces its jurisdiction of Taiwan and Penghu)
Article 4: Japan recognizes the effectiveness of the US Military Government (USMG) in disposing of property rights of Japan and Japanese people (including Taiwan and Penghu)
Article 23: The United States of America is the principal occupying Power of Japan (including Taiwan, Penghu).
ROC did not sign the San Francisco Peace Treaty. After the San Francisco Peace Treaty came into effect on April 28, 1952, as Japan had renounced its jurisdiction of Taiwan and Penghu, Taiwan was in an anarchy. According to the laws of war, a Taiwanese government must be established by the people of the occupied territories. However, the ROC, as an agent of the United States to administer Taiwan and Penghu, did not help the Taiwanese people to establish the Taiwanese government; instead, the ROC violated the laws of war to establish the Taiwan Chief Executive Office.
After the San Francisco Peace Treaty took effect on April 28, the United States also separately arranged for Japan to sign a Taipei Peace Treaty with the ROC to recognize retroactively the validity of the San Francisco Peace Treaty. However, Taiwan and Penghu, both of which belonged to the Japanese Empire (when Japan had given up the jurisdiction of Taiwan and Penghu), were left out from signing the peace treaty with the ROC. As a result, Taiwan has been in a state of war for 73 years under the principles of law, the status of Taiwan has remained undecided. Consequently, TCG sued the United States and the ROC in 2006 and 2015 in order to strive for the normalization of Taiwan’s international status.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe expressed on November 14, 2018 that Japan and Russia will certainly elevate the mutual trust and resolve the territorial disputes as well as create a peace treaty for the World War ll. Abe also stressed the World War ll has ended for more than 70 years, he and Putin both recognized this issue left behind must be finalized, and shouldn’t be continuously extended to the next generation as a responsibility.
Similarly, Formosa (Taiwan) and the Republic of China (ROC) were both participants in the World War ll. It has been 73 years since the end of World War ll, but so far no Peace Treaty has been signed. It must be put an end now to avoid leaving this problem to the next generation.
Recently, North Korea and South Korea have been talking about signing an war-ending agreement and peace treaty to formally close the Korean War, bringing peace to the Korean Peninsula.
ROC has not yet signed the war-ending agreement and peace treaty with Taiwan Civil Government (TCG). On behalf of the native Taiwanese, Taiwan Civil Government appealed to the United States, the principal occupying Power, that Taiwan Civil Government should sign war-ending agreement and peace treaty with Kinmen and Matsu’s ROC to conclude World War II, bringing peace to Taiwan and the world.